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Below are listed common terms used in our office.

These are not provided as a diagnosis for you, but as a guide if have

been diagnosed or are looking for information on the subject.

Click on the underlined topics for more information.

As always, if you have pain, loss of vision, sudden change in vision

or a condition with your eyes that you are concerned with,

please call Northern Eye to schedule an evaluation.


So, what is 20/20 Vision? Let's See...

20/20 Vision: A person with 20/20 vision can see what an average individual can see on an eye chart when they are standing 20 feet away.

Artery Occlusion:  Blockage of blood flow through a retinal artery causing vision loss.

Blepharitis: A common, persistent inflammation of the eyelids.

Plastic surgery of the eyelids to correct a 'drooping' eyelid.


Cataract: A clouding of the natural lens of the eye.

Watch the Cataract Video

Central Serous Retinopathy:  A swelling on the retina that distorts vision.

Chalazion: A swelling in the eyelid caused by one of the small oil producing glands located in the eyelids.

Conjunctivits: An inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva.

Corneal Abrasion: A scratch or injury of the corneal epithelium.

Corneal Transplant
:  Replacement of a scarred or diseased cornea with clear corneal tissue from a donor.

Cystoid Macular Edema Retinal swelling and cyst formation in the macular area causing a decrease in vision.

Detached and Torn Retina A retinal detachment is a very serious problem that almost always causes blindness unless treated.


Dry Eye: A common condition that causes dryness and burning and a feeling of a foreign body in the eye.

Watch the Dry Eye Video 


Ectropion: A turning out of the eyelid.


Entropion: A turning in of the eyelid.


Fluorescein Angiography: A clinical test to look at blood circulation inside the back of the eye.

Fuch's Dystrophy:  Progressive corneal disorder consisting of a cloudy waterlogged cornea, painful epithelial blisters and reduced vision.


Glaucoma: A chronic progressive disorder of preventable vision loss.

Watch the Glaucoma Video

Macular Degeneration: This condition affects both distance and close vision.Most common cause of severe vision loss in people over 65.

Watch the Macular Degeneration Video

Macular Pucker: A 'wrinkle' in the macula causing distorted vision.


Ophthalmologist: A physician who can treat disease and perform surgery of the eyes.

Optic Neuritis:  Inflammation of the optic nerve.


Optometrist: Can prescribe glasses and contact lenses.


Pterygium: A fleshy growth that grows on the cornea.

Radial Keratotomy:  Refractive surgery technique designed to lessen the dependence on glasses.

Strabismus:  Eye misalignment caused by an imbalance of the extraocular muscles.

Vein Occlusion:  Blockage of blood through a retinal vein causing reduced vision.

For more topics on Eye Health, please visit:

Eye Exam
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