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Patient Education
Below are listed common terms used in our office. These are not provided as a diagnosis for you, but as a guide if have been diagnosed or are looking for information on the subject. 

As always, if you have pain, loss of vision, sudden change in vision or a condition with your eyes that you are concerned with, please call Northern Eye to schedule an evaluation.

Artery Occlusion:  Blockage of blood flow through a retinal artery causing vision loss.

Blepharitis: A common, persistent inflammation of the eyelids.

Blepharoplasty:  Plastic surgery of the eyelids to correct a 'drooping' eyelid.

Cataract: A clouding of the natural lens of the eye.

Watch the cataract video:    

Central Serous Retinopathy:  A swelling on the retina that distorts vision.

Chalazion: A swelling in the eyelid caused by one of the small oil producing glands located in the eyelids.

Conjunctivits: An inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva.

Corneal Abrasion: A scratch or injury of the corneal epithelium.

Corneal Transplant:  Replacement of a scarred or diseased cornea with clear corneal tissue from a donor.

Cystoid Macular Edema:  Retinal swelling and cyst formation in the macular area causing a decrease in vision.

Detached and Torn Retina:  A retinal detachment is a very serious problem that almost always causes blindness unless treated.

Dry Eye: A common condition that causes dryness and burning and a feeling of a foreign body in the eye.

Watch the Dry Eye Video: 

Ectropion: A turning out of the eyelid.

Entropion: A turning in of the eyelid.

Fluorescein Angiography: A clinical test to look at blood circulation inside the back of the eye.

Fuch's Dystrophy:  Progressive corneal disorder consisting of a cloudy waterlogged cornea, painful epithelial blisters and reduced vision.

Glaucoma: A chronic progressive disorder of preventable vision loss.

 Watch the
Glaucoma Video:

Macular Degeneration: This condition affects both distance and close vision.Most common cause of severe vision loss in people over 65.

 Watch the Macular
Degeneration Video:

Macular Pucker: A 'wrinkle' in the macula causing distorted vision.

Ophthalmologist: A physician who can treat disease and perform surgery of the eyes.

Optic Neuritis:  Inflammation of the optic nerve.

Optometrist: Can prescribe glasses and contact lenses.

Pterygium: A fleshy growth that grows on the cornea.

Radial Keratotomy:  Refractive surgery technique designed to lessen the dependence on glasses.

Strabismus:  Eye misalignment caused by an imbalance of the extraocular muscles.

Vein Occlusion:  Blockage of blood through a retinal vein causing reduced vision.

 Additional information
from the

American Academy

of Ophthalmology

can be found at:
 Get Eye Smart logo